Links and Resources



  • Billick, I., I. Babb, B. Kloeppel, J. C. Leong, J. Hodder, J. Sanders, and H. Swain. 2013. Field Stations and Marine Laboratories of the Future: A Strategic Vision. National Association of Marine Laboratories and Organization of Biological Field Stations. Available at

Journal articles

  • Arnold, S.J. 2003. Too much natural history, or too little? Animal Behaviour 65:1065–1068.
  • Benson, K.R. 1995. The development of research mission in marine biology stations. Hegoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 49: 409-416.
  • Futuyma, D.J. 1998. Wherefore and whither the Naturalist? American Naturalist 151, 1–6.
  • Wyman et al. 2009. The activities and importance of international field stations. BioScience 59: 584-592.
  • Michener et al. 2009. Biological Field Stations: Research Legacies and Sites for Serendipity. BioScience 59: 300-310.


  • Jack, H.A. 1945. Biological Field Stations of the World. The Chronica Botanica Co. Waltham, MA.